U.S. grids efficiency lags at 33%, and emit 2 billion tons of carbon each year. WVU researchers have received two grants from the Dept of Energy to solve this crisis. A $1.4 million grant will develop residential combined heat and power (CHP) systems where power is generated at the point of use. Another grant of $2.38 million will develop a CHP generator for residential use based on a two-stroke, spark-ignited free-piston engine (ICE). Center for Identification Technology Research (CITeR) in Statler College is a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) that have been developing technologies focusing on biometrics and related identification systems for homeland security and variety of other applications.